head went into the boat … or rather embroidering even boats! 🙂 I do not know how long it still takes so long to tell you a little about embroidery NOT cross, ie, a smooth surface and contour embroidery, and show you how I sew a few stitches, the more I have been asked related issues several times.
For a start, I will say that I am more and more penetrating view of this embroidery. The possibility of using and combining different techniques are endless, you can embroider almost anything, and the scheme for embroidery can serve almost any picture you like. This space for imagination!
First, on the basis of embroidery. Embroider, of course, with a certain success can be any tissue from wool to silk, all dependent on how the final product will be used hereinafter. Experience has shown that quite difficult to embroider on rough standing “stake” fabric on fabric with thick fibers as well as fabrics, fibers, which strongly heterogeneous. Embroidery satin stitch embroidery and contour, I often choose a smooth, fine linen or mixed fabrics (linen plus cotton), although there are work and fine wool and cotton.
The second wave of a lot of questions: how to translate the pattern on the fabric. I use a thermo-pencil drawing and translate onto the fabric using an iron. To do this, first I retake drawing in pencil on tracing paper with books. Then pattern on the reverse side of tracings that, when translated into the fabric pattern is not flipped mirror. If it does not matter, you can make a copy of a book drawing on tracing paper immediately thermo-pencil. After that, tracing a pattern is applied to the fabric side of the dye and an iron to iron. It is important to make sure that the tracing does not move in the process. Under the influence of a hot iron pattern printed on the fabric.
An important point: before the transfer figure, perform the test and make sure that your thermal pencil later to wash the selected fabric. If not, then you have to completely cover the stitches translated markup. I’ve seen these pencils for drawing iron translation: Prym (blue pencil, in the instructions states that washed away), Hemline (red lead, the manual states that do not wash off, but it still manages to wash out its steep).
What if the thermo-pencil is not found or its test failed, and you are not sure that you can cover all the stitches transferred line? Firstly, if the design is not complicated, it can be easy to draw on the fabric in pencil. I’m doing when I’m too lazy to bother with an iron. There are other ways, not tested by me. The pattern can be transferred with the help of tailor carbon paper, for example from Hemline or equipment Burda (no idea whether it is satisfied with this content?) Or with basting stitches (I think there may be difficulties with the marking of fine details).
And now the stitches. They are, of course, a great multitude, and to develop them can be infinite, today I’ll show you the most common and the ones with whom I had a chance encounter with their work. I tried to take photos so that it is clear how the stitches are placed, but if you have any questions, please ask.
Obmetochny (ideally) seam often I use for sewing applications, such as here. The seam runs from left to right. When sewing backward knots are tightened correctly.
Herringbone seam is not only used as a contour but also as filling, ie for “brushing” certain drawing elements. In both capacities, I used the seam here.
Chain stitch – one of the most common seams and can also be used as a contour, and as the weld filler. It is easy to stack on complicated meandering lines, unlike the previous one, and laid in a spiral. I used this seam, for example, here (in the chain of bird swings).
Chain – variety chain stitch, but unlike the previous one, the chain turns finer from the fact that the yarn forming the loop is derived from the fabric and is inserted into the tissue in the same spot, and when the chain stitch needle is derived from the tissue and is introduced at a small distance from each other. I used the seam, for example here (at the waist of the girl).
Stalked seam – it looks almost like a straight line, but more volume and texture than regular bekstitch (seam back needle). Often used for the embroidery plant stems. I like to use it for embroidery strongly curved lines, such as here (ring on the bird swings).
Beijing seam – a beautiful, decorative seam, which is carried out in two stages. First the conventional bekstitcha stitch (back stitch needle) and then the thread is twisted around these stitches. When moving from left to right, the needle is pushed from below by the second stitch, then the top at first, then a third from the bottom, then the top for the second and so on. I used the seam here (for the bars of the cage and the bird swings).
Wave – another interesting seam entanglement performed in two stages. First laid basting seam stitch (suture needle forward), and then it is twisted around strand.
The use of individual stitches can be very diverse. They can be used to simulate blades of grass, leaves and also be used as filling stitches. Making these stitches are stretched more or, conversely, more flat by shortening or lengthening the tails (reinforcement stitches) can achieve various effects. Here are some of the individual stitches :
suture fish (to be honest, I do not know the correct name, but it seems to me to be the best).
Seam daisy – irreplaceable stitch embroidery flower petals and leaves of trees. I used it, for example, here .
Seam fly . Using it, for example here (for hearts circuit).
French suture knots is performed as follows. Working thread is displayed on the front surface of the fabric. Then, a tiny stitch: the needle is injected into the tissue at a small distance (picks one thread cloth) and is displayed in place of the first output fiber. The yarn is twisted around the needle twice, and the knot is tightened. Working thread appears on the wrong side of the fabric.
Fill expanse – is used to “painting” of large areas, such as here . Stitches are stacked like bricks in masonry: in the first row are performed alternately long and short stitches, and in subsequent rows stacked stitches the same length.
This kind of smooth surface is used to “painting” small areas, such as here (christmas balls). Stitches are laid edge to edge of the shaded region close to each other.
That is all. I hope this post will be useful for you!